Growth in agricultural exports, regardless of pandemic disruptions, has been pushed by the federal government’s policy-level interventions in addition to the growth of merchandise into new markets, Commerce Secretary Anup Wadhawan stated on Thursday.
After remaining stagnant for the final three years, the export of agriculture and allied merchandise throughout 2020-21 grew 17.34 per cent to $41.25 billion. In 2017-18 and 2018-19, they hovered round $38 billion, thereafter declining to $35.16 billion in 2019-20. In the primary two months of the present fiscal yr, there was a 43 per cent jump, Wadhawan instructed media individuals in a digital briefing.
“Growth was due to the opportunities that Covid-19 offered. It was also due to various programmes emanating from agriculture policy that came into effect in December 2018. It was implemented in districts and clusters. Many clusters and districts that were not exporting earlier have started doing it now,” Wadhawan stated.
India is seeing progress in the export of cereals, non-basmati rice, wheat, millets, maize, and different coarse grains. The largest markets for India’s agricultural merchandise are the US, China, Bangladesh, the UAE, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Nepal, Iran, and Malaysia.
An official assertion stated that the very best progress has been recorded in Indonesia (102.42 per cent), Bangladesh (95.93 per cent), and Nepal (50.49 per cent).
Besides, exports, together with these of contemporary greens and mangoes from Varanasi and black rice from Chandauli, have taken place from a number of clusters for the primary time.
Demand for Indian cereals was strong in 2020-21, with shipments despatched to a number of nations for the primary time, corresponding to rice to nations like Timor-Leste, Puerto Rico, and Brazil. Similarly, wheat was despatched to nations corresponding to Yemen, Indonesia, and Bhutan, and different cereals have been exported to Sudan, Poland, Bolivia, stated Diwakar Nath Mishra, joint secretary on the commerce ministry. Demand for extra well being merchandise such millets, ginger turmeric, quinoa is rising.
According to Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) Chairman M Angamuthu, there was an increase in demand for natural merchandise. Organic exports that embody merchandise corresponding to cereals and millets, spices and condiments, tea, medicinal plant merchandise, dry fruits, and sugar grew 51 per cent yr on yr to $1,040 million. The progress can be attributed to demand for such merchandise due to the outbreak of the pandemic.
Pesticide residue issues have affected exports of basmati rice — key conventional export product — to the EU due to stringent norms imposed for chemical substances corresponding to Tricyclazole and Buprofezin, extensively used in rice cultivation in India. Testing by the Export Inspection Council (EIC) has been made necessary for basmati exports to the EU, which led to a lower in the variety of alerts.
“Punjab imposed a ban on sales of nine chemicals, including Tricyclazole and Buprofezin, during the Kharif season 2020. APEDA, in collaboration with the trade bodies, has taken measures to create awareness in the basmati-growing areas. Efforts are also being made to ensure that the process for fixing Import Tolerance Limits (ITLs) for Tricyclazole and Buprofezin by the EU is not delayed,” an official assertion stated.
As far because the Services Exports from India Scheme (SEIS) is worried, Wadhwan stated when the division made a brand new international commerce coverage, “what we need to do for services will be taken into account based on stakeholder feedback and other inputs”.